ASEAN and Southeast Asia



(with Fikry Abd Rahman). “ASEAN’s Dialogue Mechanisms: Institutionalizing ASEAN Centrality”, in Jörn Dosch and Frederick Kliem, eds., The Elgar Companion to ASEAN.


“Hedging via Institutions: ASEAN-led Multilateralism in the Age of the Indo-Pacific”, Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 10(2): 355-386.

(with Chen-Dong Tso) “Hedging in Non-Traditional Security: The Case of Vietnam’s Disaster Response Cooperation”, Chinese Journal of International Politics.

“Southeast Asian States and ASEAN”, in David Shambaugh, ed., The International Relations of Asia, 3rd edition (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield), pp. 189-227.

(with Paul Evans) “ASEAN and Ukraine: Non-Alignment via Multi-Alignment”, TI Observer 21: 23-29.

(with Abdul Razak Ahmad) “Southeast Asia-U.S. Relations in the Indo-Pacific Era”, in Gilbert Rozman, ed., Joint U.S.-Korea Academic Studies 2022 (Washington, DC: KEI).

(with Abdul Razak Ahmad and Ayman Rashdan Wong) “Malaysia and Northeast Asia: What Drives Small-State Forward Diplomacy”, Issues and Studies 58(3).

(with Thomas Daniel) “Malaysia’s Relations with the United States and China: Asymmetries (and Anxieties) Amplified”, Southeast Asian Affairs 2022, pp. 211-231.


(with Abdul Razak Ahmad) “Malaysia’s Resilient (but Ambiguous) Partnership with the United States: The Dilemmas of Smaller States in the Indo-Pacific Era”, Asia Policy, October, pp. 86-95.

(with Abdul Razak Ahmad and Lai Yew Meng) “PLA Overflight near Malaysian Airspace: A Precarious Provocation”, Fulcrum: Analysis on Southeast Asia, June 30.

“Asymmetry and Authority: Theorizing Southeast Asian Responses to China’s Belt and Road Initiative”, Asian Perspective 45(2): 255-276.

(with Lai Yew Meng and Amy Azuan Abdullah) “Pulau Layang-Layang in Malaysia’s South China Sea Policy”, International Journal of China Studies 12(2): 189-222.

(with Lai Yew Meng) “Structural Sources of Malaysia’s South China Sea Policy”, Australian Journal of International Affairs 75(3).


“Mapping Malaysia in the Evolving Indo-Pacific Construct”, CSCAP Regional Security Outlook 2020 (Canberra: Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific).


“Keeping the Balance: Power Transitions Threaten ASEAN’s Hedging Role”, East Asia Forum Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1 (January-March), pp. 22-23.

(With Alice Ba) “Southeast Asia and China: Engagement and Constrainment”, in Alice D. Ba and Mark Beeson, eds., Contemporary Southeast Asia: The Politics of Change, Contestation, and Adaptation, 3rd edition (London: Palgrave), pp. 229-247.


“How Do Weaker States Hedge? Unpacking ASEAN States’ Alignment Behavior towards China,” Journal of Contemporary China 25(100): 500-514.

“Malaysia between the United States and China: What do Weaker States Hedge Against?” Asian Politics and Policy 8(1): 155-177.


(With Gilbert Rozman) “Light or Heavy Hedging: Positioning between China and the United States”, in Gilbert Rozman, Joint U.S.-Korea Academic Studies 2015, Vol. 26 (Washington, DC: Korea Economic Institute of America), pp. 1-9.

“Variations on a (Hedging) Theme: Comparing ASEAN Core States’ Alignment Behavior,” in Gilbert Rozman, Joint U.S.-Korea Academic Studies 2015, Vol. 26 (Washington, DC: Korea Economic Institute of America), pp. 11-26.

“Malaysia’s Balancing Act”, New York Times (December 7), p. 8.

“Malaysia’s Relations with Major and Middle Powers”, Observatoire Asie du Sud-est (Paris: Asia Centre, Sciences Po).

“An Emerging 3rd Pillar in Asian Architecture? AIIB and Other China-led Initiatives”, Asia-Pacific Bulletin 305, March 26 (Washington, DC: East-West Center).


“Making Sense of Malaysia’s China Policy: Asymmetry, Proximity, and Elite’s Domestic Authority,” Chinese Journal of International Politics 6:429-467.

“Malaysia’s U.S. Policy under Najib: Structural and Domestic Sources of a Small State’s Strategy,” Asian Security 9(3):143-164.


(With Nor Azizan Idris and Abd Rahim Md Nor) “The China Factor in the U.S. ‘Reengagement’ with Southeast Asia: Drivers and Limits of Converged Hedging,” Asian Politics and Policy 4(3): 315-344.


“The Essence of Hedging: Malaysia and Singapore’s Response to a Rising China”, Contemporary Southeast Asia 30(2): 159-185.

“China’s Evolving Multilateralism in Asia”, in Kent E. Calder and Francis Fukuyama, eds., East Asian Multilateralism (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press), pp. 109-142.


“Multilateralism in China’s ASEAN Policy: Its Evolution, Characteristics, and Aspiration,” Contemporary Southeast Asia 27(1): 102-122.


《中国参与东盟主导的地区机制的利益分析》 [An Interest-based Analysis on China’s Participation in the ASEAN-led Regional Institutions], 世界经济与政治 [World Economics and Politics] No. 9 (September), pp. 53-59.

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